Originally, twelve boats were to be built by Austal, but the establishment of a dedicated patrol force for the North West Shelf Venture saw another two ordered. 6 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes, firing: Two additional ships built for and operated by the, Eight additional ships built for and operated by the, Navy Engineering, Regulation, Certification and Safety, Royal Australian Navy Tridents Rugby League Team, This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 11:46. Thirteen Armidale-class patrol boats perform coastal and economic exclusion zone patrols, and four Huon-class vessels are used for minehunting and clearance (another two are commissioned but in reserve since October 2011). This work, Royal Australian Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, and Royal Canadian Air Force Join U.S. There are currently several major projects underway that will see upgrades to RAN capabilities: Naval warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force, the naval forces of the separate Australian colonies, Royal Australian Navy officer rank insignia, Royal Australian Navy enlisted rank insignia, Current Australian Defence Force deployments, Battle and theatre honours of the Royal Australian Navy, Royal Australian Navy School of Underwater Medicine, "Database of Royal Australian Navy Operations, 1990–2005", "Defence Annual Report 2009-2010, Appendix 7, Table A7.3", "Navy to get new patrol boats to boost capability", "Collins Class Submarine reliability and sustainability", "Collins Class Submarine Replacement Combat System", "RAN's next oiler ship launched in Spain", "British frigate program to seed Australia's own warship industry, Turnbull says", Maritimequest Royal Australian Navy photo gallery, Royal and Dominion Navies in World War II, Campaigns, Battles, Warship losses, ADF Pay & Conditions Manual – Equivalent ranks and classifications, Battle honours of the Royal Australian Navy, Royal Australian Navy Helicopter Flight Vietnam, Inspector-General of the Australian Defence Force, 1st Division (Deployable Joint Force Headquarters), Australian Defence Force ranks and insignia, Sexual orientation and gender identity in the Australian military, Australian Defence Force Basic Flying Training School, Australian Geospatial-Intelligence Organisation, Defence Strategic Policy and Intelligence Group, Australia, New Zealand, United States Security Treaty, Defending Australia in the Asia Pacific Century White Paper, Review of Australia's Defence Capabilities Report, Australian National University Strategic and Defence Studies Centre, Capability Acquisition and Sustainment Group, Australian Defence Force colours, standards and guidons, History of the Royal Australian Air Force, Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands, Military intervention against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918, The Official History of Australia's Involvement in Southeast Asian Conflicts 1948–1975, Official History of Australian Peacekeeping, Humanitarian and Post-Cold War Operations, Australian military involvement in peacekeeping, List of current ships of the Royal Australian Navy, Procurement programme of the Royal Australian Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Royal_Australian_Navy&oldid=994261159, Military units and formations established in 1901, Organisations based in Australia with royal patronage, All Wikipedia articles written in Australian English, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2015, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Anti-submarine and anti-aircraft frigate with 1 helicopter. Later in the war, most of the RAN's major ships operated as part of … The Australian take on the American Oliver Hazard Perry class guided missile frigate, six Adelaide class frigates were built for the RAN. 4 months ago Maintain the equipment that powers the ship or submarine as a Marine Technician. The ship was assembled from 31 pre-fabricated modules ('blocks'): 12 for the hull, 9 for the forward superstructure, and 10 for the aft superstructure. 4 months ago With plenty of support for you family needs, enjoy a great work/life balance in the Navy. The Commonwealth Naval Forces were established on 1 March 1901, two months after the federation of Australia. The week-long virtual exercise included participants from the U.S. Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, and Army; as well as units from the Royal Australian Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, and Royal Canadian Air Force. Replenishment at sea and afloat support. These units are located throughout the United States, Japan, Canada, and Australia. HMAS Bundaberg was decommissioned in December 2014 after being extensively damaged by an onboard fire. Mine countermeasures at sea are handled by the Huon-class minehunters, which began to enter RAN service from 1999. Mine Warfare, Clearance Diving, Hydrographic, Meteorological and Patrol Forces, an amalgamation of the previous, Surface Force, covering the RAN's surface combatants (generally ships of, Clearance Diving Team 1 (AUSCDT ONE), based at HMAS, Clearance Diving Team 4 (AUSCDT FOUR), based at HMAS, Mine counter-measures (MCM) and explosive ordnance disposal (EOD); and, Rear Admiral Peter Quinn – Head Navy Capability, Rear Admiral Colin Lawrence – Head Navy Engineering, Operation Manitou: counter-piracy, counter-terrorism and maritime stability in the Middle East; and, Operation Accordion: support operation to provide sustainment to forces deployed on Operations Highroad and Manitou.Future, Navy Engineering, Regulation, Certification and Safety, Royal Australian Navy Tridents Rugby League Team, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 20:59. [37][better source needed] The use pattern mirrors that of the Royal Navy, and has since formation. Lt. Cmdr. [31] The final LADS flight was conducted in November 2019. Three Hobart-class destroyers of the Royal Australian Navy had demo missile-firing of their newest missile tech conducted off the Australian east coast recently. Following the Federation of Australia in 1901, the ships and resources of the separate colonial navies were integrated into a national force, called the Commonwealth Naval Forces. Find an Navy job that's right for you and start a career that makes a difference. The Hobarts are built around the Aegis combat system. The RAN currently operates 46 commissioned vessels, made up of eight ship classes and three individual ships, plus three non-commissioned vessels. These were commissioned from 1996 to 2006 as part of a joint program with New Zealand, whose navy operates an additional two examples. HMAS Sirius was initially built as a civilian oil tanker, but was purchased by the RAN during construction and converted into a replenishment ship for the west coast. Pretty soon, the Royal Australian Navy will take possession of HMAS Canberra, a 27,000-ton-displacement, flat-deck amphibious assault ship. [38] The WO-N appointment has similar equivalent appointments in the other services, each holding the rank of warrant officer, each being the most senior sailor/soldier/airman in that service, and each wearing their own special insignia rather than their rank insignia. [11], After the Second World War, the size of the RAN was again reduced, but it gained new capabilities with the acquisition of two aircraft carriers, Sydney and Melbourne. The ships themselves were built in Australia by the Australian Submarine Corporation in Adelaide. [33] In June 2010, male personnel made up 82% of the permanent full-time force, while female personnel made up 18%. Royal Australian Navy, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory. For patrol of Australia's vast coastline, territorial waters, and offshore territories, the RAN operates thirteen Armidale-class patrol boats. The Laser Airborne Depth Sounder (LADS) Flight was the sole remaining fixed-wing aircraft operated by the RAN, and was based at HMAS Cairns in Cairns, Queensland. Replenishment at sea is provided by the Sirius, while the two Leeuwin-class and four Paluma-class vessels perform survey and charting duties. Senior chaplains are grouped with captains, and principal chaplains are grouped with commodores, but their chaplain rank slide remains the same. There are usually one or two cards for each person and they are double-sided. 146K likes. This is the official YouTube channel of the Royal Australian Navy. It was also deployed in support of Australian peacekeeping operations in East Timor and the Solomon Islands. "G'day and Welcome Aboard the (re-commissioned) Gun Plot Website" Main Content Area Members Forums Guestbook Contact . Built by Hyundai Mipo Dockyard in South Korea, she was launched in 2004 and commissioned in 2006; costing half the price and becoming active three years before the RAN's original plan of a purpose-build ship. However, the WO-N does not wear the WO rank insignia; instead, they wear the special insignia of the appointment. [2] The Australian Squadron ceased on 4 October 1913, when RAN ships entered Sydney Harbour for the first time.[2]. Military Shop supplies quality products to organisations, businesses and individuals. Two more were built for the, Coastal defence, maritime border, and fishery protection. The Clearance Diving Branch is composed of two Clearance Diving Teams (CDT) that serve as parent units for naval clearance divers: When clearance divers are sent into combat, Clearance Diving Team Three (AUSCDT THREE) is formed. The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force. Indeed Australia. On 10 July 1911, King George Vgranted the title of "Royal Australian Navy". Then, rapid wartime expansion saw the acquisition of large surface vessels and the building of many smaller warships. [5] The first of the RAN's new vessels, the destroyer Yarra, was completed in September 1910 and by the outbreak of the First World War the majority of the RAN's planned new fleet had been realised. David Hart, Southwest Regional Maintenance Center commanding officer, for … [9] A total of 34 vessels were lost during the war, including three cruisers and four destroyers. [4], On 10 July 1911, King George V granted the service the title of "Royal Australian Navy". The second ship of the class, Adelaide, was commissioned at the end of 2015. Britain's Royal Navy’s Australian Squadron was assigned to the Australia Station and provided support to the RAN. [13] Since the end of the Cold War, the RAN has been part of Coalition forces in the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean, operating in support of Operation Slipper and undertaking counter piracy operations. Published on December 8, 2020 in People. The Royal Australian Navy kept cardboard index cards as service records from 1911 to 1970. The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) fleet is made up of 46 commissioned warships and 3 non-commissioned as of May 2020 . [16] The RAN is commanded through Naval Headquarters (NHQ) in Canberra. Commissioned officers of the Australian Navy have pay grades ranging from S-1 to O-11. Read more. The RAN currently has forces deployed on four major operations:[43]. The Royal Navy continued to provide blue-water defence capability in the Pacific up to the early years of the Second World War. The Commonwealth Naval Forces were established on 1 March 1901, two months after the federation of Australia, when the naval forces of the separate Australian colonies were amalgamated. [3] In 1908–09, the decision was made to pursue a compromise solution, and the Australian government agreed to establish a force that would be used for local defence but which would be capable of forming a fleet unit within the imperial naval strategy, albeit without central control. Meanwhile, the RAN has struggled to sufficiently crew their submarine fleet, with at times no more than two qualified crews available. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. The Navy has a diverse range of jobs, unparalleled benefits and great lifestyle. In addition to hydrographic surveying duties, since 2001 both vessels have also operated in support of the RAN patrol force. Eight Cape-class patrol boats were built for the Australian Customs and Border Protection Service (now the Australian Border Force) by Austal between 2012 and 2015, as replacements for the Bay class. There are eight frigates of the Anzac class. [33] The permanent full-time force consisted of 3,357 commissioned officers, and 10,697 enlisted personnel. [23] Ships commissioned into the RAN are given the prefix HMAS (His/Her Majesty's Australian Ship). [10] Following the outbreak of the Pacific War and the virtual destruction of Allied naval forces in south-east Asia, the RAN operated more independently, or as part of United States Navy formations. The Australian and New Zealand governments helped to fund the Australian Squadron until 1913, while the Admiralty committed itself to keeping the Squadron at a constant strength. Following the Federation of Australia in 1901, the ships and resources of the separate colonial navies were integrated into a national force, called the Commonwealth Naval Forces. A period of uncertainty followed as the policy makers sought to determine the newly established force's requirements and purpose, with the debate focusing upon whether Australia's naval force would be structured mainly for local defence or whether it would be designed to serve as a fleet unit within a larger imperial force, controlled centrally by the British Admiralty. [8] In this time the focus of Australia's naval policy shifted from defence against invasion to trade protection,[9] and several fleet units were sunk as targets or scrapped. Forces for Fleet Synthetic Training 10 December 2020 From Commander, U.S. Pacific Fleet A significant naval expansion program from 1909 -1911 saw the Commonwealth’s forces become the RAN, as the role of the Navy was expanding, post-federation. [4] The Australian Squadron was placed under control of the British Admiralty,[6] and initially it was tasked with capturing many of Germany's South Pacific colonies and protecting Australian shipping from the German East Asia Squadron. Luke Bogan of the Royal Australian Navy was recently recognized by Capt. They are capable of charting waters up to 6,000 metres (20,000 ft) deep, and carry three Fantome-class survey boats for shallow-water work. [6] In naval service, the two rotating crew groups for each of the two vessel are made up of RAN personnel, the patrol boats operate from HMAS Cairns, and are identified with the Australian Defence Vessel (ADV) prefix, but retain the blue-and-red customs colour scheme. The Paluma-class survey motor launches are large catamarans designed for survey operations around northern and eastern Australia. These replaced the Fremantle class from 2005 as the navy's primary asset for border protection, fisheries patrols, and interception of unauthorised arrivals by sea. These are cloth arcs at shoulder height on uniforms, metallic gold on officers' shoulder boards, and embroidered on shoulder slip-ons. The Australian Air Warfare Destroyer (AWD) project commenced in 2000, to replace the Adelaide-class frigates and restore the capability last exhibited by the Perth-class destroyers. The lion's share of the RAN fleet is divided between Fleet Base East (HMAS Kuttabul, in Sydney) and Fleet Base West (HMAS Stirling, near Perth). As the navy took on an even greater role, it was expanded significantly and at its height the RAN was the fourth-largest navy in the world, with 39,650 personnel operating 337 warships. In addition to the commissioned warships, the RAN operates the sail training ship Young Endeavour and two Cape-class patrol boats. The … [11] World War One 1914-1918 [9][10] Following the loss of HMAS Bundaberg and hull issues with the Armidale class requiring an intense remedial maintenance program, two Cape-class patrol boats were leased to the RAN from late 2015 until the end of 2016. It was founded in 1901. These service cards contain personal details including: 1. surname and given names 2. service number 3. date and place of birth 4. religion 5. occupation 6. home port 7. address on entry/re-entry and on discharge 8. details of next of kin They also contain service details such as postings and awards. Derived from Blohm + Voss' MEKO modular ship family and designated the MEKO 200 ANZ by that company, the ships were built in Australia by Tenix in Williamstown, Victoria. Two Leeuwin-class survey ships were built for the RAN by NQEA Australia of Cairns. Four were built by Todd Pacific Shipyards in Seattle, Washington while the final two were built by AMECON in Williamstown, Victoria. 4 months ago Keep the Navy equipped, resourced, provisioned and ready as a Maritime Logistics Officer. The plate-cutting marks the start of construction of Hull 813, part of a A$324 million, six vessel contract announced on 1 May 2020. The Collins was designed by the Swedish submarine builder Kockums as the Type 471 specifically to meet Australian requirements, many of which were derived from Australia's need for great range without utilizing a nuclear propulsion system. As a result, the navy's force structure was set at "one battlecruiser, three light cruisers, six destroyers and three submarines". The issues have now been fixed and five submarines are available for service. 03/12/2020 03/12/2020 Brian Hartigan 290 Views 0 Comments. The WRANS was disbanded in 1947, but then re-established in 1951 during the Cold War. [9] In the late 1930s, as international tensions increased, the RAN was modernised and expanded, with the service receiving primacy of funding over the Army and Air Force during this time as Australia began to prepare for war. Shipbuilder Austal Australia has ‘cut metal’ on the third of six new Cape-class patrol boats to be constructed for the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). RAN regulations group RAN chaplains with commanders for purposes of protocol such as marks of respect (saluting); however, RAN chaplains have no other rank other than "chaplain", and their rank emblem is identifiable by a Maltese cross with gold anchor. [34] The RAN has the highest percentage of women in the ADF, compared to the RAAF's 17.8% and the Army's 9.7%.[34]. The navy is one of the largest and most sophisticated naval forces in the South Pacific region, with a significant presence in the Indian Ocean and worldwide operations in support of military campaigns and peacekeeping missions. Six Collins-class boats make up the submarine service, although due to the maintenance cycle not all submarines are active at any time. She was made redundant in the 2011 Strategic Defence and Security Review and sold to Australia. Choules represents a major increase in sealift capability for the RAN, particularly after mechanical issues in 2010 and 2011 forced the early retirement of the navy's two Kanimbla-class vessels, and put HMAS Tobruk in dock for an extensive refit. [17] The professional head is the Chief of Navy (CN), who holds the rank of vice admiral. While these vessels represented a major increase in capability for the RAN, they have found themselves mired in numerous technical and operational problems. Mine warfare assets are located at HMAS Waterhen (also in Sydney), while HMAS Cairns in Cairns and HMAS Coonawarra in Darwin host the navy's patrol and survey vessels. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. The Australian navy was granted the title of ‘Royal Australian Navy’ in the year 1911 and got responsible for the defense of the region. [2] The twelve-boat strong Future Submarine Program (SEA 1000) was initiated to replace the existing six Collins-class boats. The first hull was built in Italy, with fitting out the first and construction of the remaining five vessels of the class done by ADI in Newcastle, replacing the problematic Bay-class minehunters. Navy Shop is a one-stop-shop for Navy products; from birthday gifts, graduation & farewell presents, uniform caps, uniform insignia, patches and more. Four vessels operate out of HMAS Waterhen, in Sydney. The average salary for Royal Australian Navy employees in Australia is AU$77,048 per year. Later in the war, most of the RAN's major ships operated as part of Royal Navy forces in the Mediterranean and North Seas, and then later in the Adriatic, and then the Black Sea following the surrender of the Ottoman Empire. In this Sept. 25, 2020, photo provided by the Royal Australian Navy, members of the Australian Clearance Diving Team One return to Lord Howe Island, Australia, from … There are currently several major projects underway that will see upgrades to Royal Australian Navy (RAN) capabilities. The Sail Training Ship Young Endeavour was built as a gift from the United Kingdom to Australia for the latter's 1988 bicentenary of colonisation. Photo: Royal Australian Navy [9], Early in the Second World War, RAN ships again operated as part of Royal Navy formations, many serving with distinction in the Mediterranean, the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf, the Indian Ocean, and off the West African coast. The Shortfin Barracuda, the conventional-powered variant of the French Barracuda-class submarine, proposed by French shipbuilder DCNS, was chosen by the Australian government as the design for the new boats.[3]. The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is hosting a French Navy (Marine Nationale) submarine and a support vessel in Western Australia since 9 November 2020. The highest position occupied in the current Royal Australian Navy structure is O-9, a vice admiral who serves as the Chief of the Navy. The major projects for the RAN are the following: They are designated as helicopter frigates (FFH) by the RAN, and are designed to be capable of both mid-level patrol and blue water operations. By 1923, the size of the navy had fallen to eight vessels,[8] and by the end of the decade it had fallen further to five, with just 3,500 personnel. Today, the RAN consists of 46 commissioned vessels, 3 non-commissioned vessels and over 16,000 personnel. Former Royal Marine lands Navy combat training role For newly commissioned Lieutenant Ian Boddy, his previous service career as a Royal Marine Commando has been invaluable in shaping littoral combat training for the Royal Australian Navy. The Canberra class are landing helicopter dock ships based on the design of Spanish ship Juan Carlos I. Four ships were built by Eglo Engineering at Port Adelaide, South Australia between 1988 and 1990. Aerial photograph of HMAS Arunta coming alongside to berth next to HMAS Anzac, right, at Fleet Base West, WA. [14], The high demand for personnel in the Second World War led to the establishment of the Women's Royal Australian Naval Service (WRANS) branch in 1942, where over 3,000 women served in shore-based positions. One has been decommissioned. With interwar and wartime provision of Royal Navy ships and some built in situ, the RAN (Royal Australian Navy) was one of the most powerful in the Pacific at the end world war two, and one of the most active as well, with many battle honors on the Pacific and Mediterranean as well. The Bay-class landing ship dock HMAS Choules was acquired by the RAN in 2011. Royal Australian Navy, Royal Canadian Navy, and Royal Canadian Air Force Join U.S. Australia operates a single class of diesel-electric submarines, the six Collins-class boats which began entering service in 1993. Lead ship HMAS Canberra was commissioned into the RAN in late 2014. Beneath NHQ are two subordinate commands: Fleet Command was previously made up of seven Force Element Groups, but after the New Generation Navy changes, this was restructured into four Force Commands:[22], As of October 2018, the RAN fleet consisted of 48 warships, including destroyers, frigates, submarines, patrol boats and auxiliary ships. The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) is the naval branch of the Australian Defence Force. A 10-strong RAN crew is supplemented by 24–30 youth on ten-day voyages, with 500 applicants selected every year through two ballots. Shop high-quality unique Royal Australian Navy T-Shirts designed and sold by artists. The class was based on the Italian Navy's Gaeta-class minehunter developed by Intermarine. O-8 (rear admiral) to O-11 (admiral of the fleet) are referred to as flag officers, O-5 (commander) and above are referred to as senior officers, while S-1 (midshipman) to O-4 (lieutenant commander) are referred to as junior officers. Royal Australian Navy and the Indonesian Armed Forces completed a coordinated maritime patrol to improve security along our maritime border. High quality Royal Australian Navy gifts and merchandise. Based on the Bay-class customs vessels, the Armidales are significantly enlarged to allow for better range and seakeeping ability. The current Chief of Navy is Vice Admiral Michael Noonan. 2 new boats were ordered on 2017 and the 2 leased were returned to the ABF. The Royal Australian Navy (RAN) fleet is made up of 46 commissioned warships and 3 non-commissioned as of May 2020[update]. [4], In 1919, the RAN received a force of six destroyers, three sloops and six submarines from the Royal Navy,[7] but throughout the 1920s and early 1930s, the RAN was drastically reduced in size due to a variety of factors including political apathy and economic hardship as a result of the Great Depression. The first ship HMAS Hobart was ordered on 4 October 2007 and commissioned on 23 September 2017. Australian News Royal Australian Navy . All officers of the navy receive a commission from Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia. We design, manufacture, import, distribute, wholesale and retail a vast range of products and brands. In addition, DMS Maritime operates a large number of civilian-crewed vessels under contract to the Australian Defence Force. The ship was originally built by Swan Hunter for the British Royal Fleet Auxiliary, and entered British service in 2006 as RFA Largs Bay. The Australian Army equivalent is the Regimental Sergeant Major of the Army (RSM-A)[39] and the Royal Australian Air Force equivalent is the Warrant Officer of the Air Force (WOFF-AF).[40]. Other auxiliaries and small craft are not operated by the RAN, but by DMS Maritime, who are contracted to provide support services.[1]. Principal chaplains, however, have gold braid on the peak of their white service cap. The Australian Patrol Boat Group has divided the class into four divisions, with three ships' companies assigned for every two vessels to achieve higher operational availability. [citation needed], The Warrant Officer of the Navy (WO-N) is an appointment held by the most senior sailor in the RAN, and holds the rank of warrant officer (WO). In addition to the mine warfare role, individual have been deployed on occasion to support patrol and border protection operations. Available in a range of colours and styles for men, women, and everyone. [citation needed] Stars or a Crown are added to these to indicate higher qualifications. The vessels normally operate in pairs. The only O-11 position in the navy is honorary and has only ever been held by royalty, currently being held by The Duke of Edinburgh. 25 office photos of Royal Australian Navy. Originally intended for local defence, the navy was granted the title of 'Royal Australian Navy' in 1911, and became increasingly responsible for defence of the region. During World War I, the RAN was initially responsible for capturing many of Germany's South Pacific colonies and protecting Australian shipping from the German East Asia Squadron. For newly commissioned Lieutenant Ian Boddy, his previous service career as a Royal Marine Commando has been invaluable in shaping littoral combat training for the Royal Australian Navy. As of June 2011, the RAN has 14,215 permanent full-time personnel, 161 gap year personnel, and 2,150 reserve personnel. Amphibious warfare assets include two Canberra-class landing helicopter dock ships and the landing ship HMAS Choules. Originally intended for local defence, the navy was granted the title of 'Royal Australian Navy' in 1911, and became increasingly responsible for defence of the region. As of 2018, the FAA consists of two front line helicopter squadrons (one focused on anti-submarine and anti-shipping warfare and the other a transport unit), two training squadrons and a trials squadron. The story of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) starts in 1901, at Federation, with the formation of the Commonwealth Naval Forces. The Royal Australian Navy hierarchy is an apposite and systematic arrangement of all the naval ranks of the royal Australian navy which is the naval branch of the Australian Defense Force. It was given permanent status in 1959, and the RAN was the final branch to integrate women in the Australian military in 1985. [30], In addition to the helicopter squadrons of the Fleet Air Arm, the RAN operated an additional flying unit that came under the operational responsibility of the Australian Hydrographic Service. An additional two ships were placed in reserve in October 2011.