Monza is best known for its Grand Prix motor racing circuit, the Autodromo Nazionale di Monza, which hosts the Formula One Italian Grand Prix with a massive Italian support tifosi for the Ferrari team. In 1000 Emperor Otto III became the protector of Monza and its possessions: Bulciago, Cremella, Lurago, Locate and Garlate. The following year, the town was declared a possession of the people of Milan. AA.VV. It included a 42 metres (138 ft) tall-tower, later used as a jail (Forni). The Monzesi asked for the restoration of all the treasures taken by the French. 6,013 Followers, 224 Following, 524 Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from Comune di Monza (@comunedimonza) Informazioni, notizie ed eventi sulla città e sui servizi. There are two departments of the University of Milan Bicocca located in Monza: the faculty of Medicine and Surgery and the Faculty of Sociology. When it hosted the Italian motorcycle Grand Prix it saw a double fatal accident for Jarno Saarinen and Renzo Pasolini in 1973 after a pile-up through the dauntingly fast Curva Grande, that has since had significant runoff added to it. 56–57 (Aliprandi Martino). Pagina ufficiale del Comune di Monza. Another source of wealth was the breeding of silkworms. In the same year, a mine exploded causing the partial destruction of the Castle of Monza. The Viceroy of Italy, Eugene de Beauharnais, was appointed in August 1805 and he settled in the Villa of Monza. Monza is a city and comune on the River Lambro, a tributary of the Po in the Lombardy region of Italy, about 15 kilometres (9 miles) north-northeast of Milan. But the treasure and the Iron Crown had been transferred to Vienna by the Austrians, and was returned to Monza only after the conclusion of the Third War of Italian Independence (December 1866). In 1407 Estorre Visconti was proclaimed Lord of Monza and began minting Monza's own coinage. The event also saw Jody Scheckter secure the 1979 title in that event among other historical wins such as the Ferrari 1-2 finish against the odds in 1988. administrative division of Lombardy, Italy, This article is about the city. In 1816 the city returned in the possession of the books of the Treasury and Chapter Library. In April 1329, the condottiero Pinalla Aliprandi regained Monza from the imperial troops. Funerary urns found in the late 19th century show that humans were in the area dating at the least to the Bronze Age, when people would have lived in pile dwelling settlements raised above the rivers and marshes. These years saw a power struggle between the emperor Conrad II, and Aribert. Two other towers were also built along the River Lambro. Monza is best known for its Grand Prix motor racing circuit, the Autodromo Nazionale di Monza, which hosts the Formula One Italian Grand Prix with a massive Italian support tifosi for the Ferrari team. In the second half of the century the city experienced a significant increase in population and a subsequent building development. Considered by the French as a symbol of aristocratic power, the Royal Villa was destined to demolition. His relative Marianna de Leyva was the inspiration to Alessandro Manzoni for his Nun of Monza. She also had a palace (the future Royal palace) built here. Tap left: Villa Reale Palace, Tap middle: Garden in Monza Park, Tap richt: Monza Cathedral, Centre: Aerial view o Autodromo Nazionale Monza Circuit, Bottom left: Villa Bossi Prata, Bottom richt: A … The foundations remain under the crossing of nave and transept, but at the close of the 13th century the chapel was enlarged by enclosing the former atrium within the building. On 11 June 2004 Monza was designated the capital of the new province of Monza and Brianza. Consulta il sito dedicato al Risparmio e all'Efficienza Energetica per aiutarti a ridurre i consumi di energia e a migliorare l'efficienza nella tua casa Musei civici di Monza Oltre 140 opere di arte e di storia cittadina. In 1327 Galeazzo himself was imprisoned in the Forni, by order of emperor Louis IV. Informazioni, notizie ed eventi sulla città e sui servizi. The Iron Crown was left provisionally in Monza. In early 2008, work began on the expansion of Subway Line MM1 from Milano/Sesto San Giovanni to Monza Bettola. Comune di Monza - Piazza Trento e Trieste, 20900 Monza, Lombardia, Italy - Rated 3 based on 95 Reviews "Monza is a great city ! On 31 December 1895 Monza had about 37,500 permanent inhabitants. The construction was completed in three years with design by architect Giuseppe Piermarini from Foligno. The main activities were related to the processing of cotton, mechanics, hat factories and industries. Theatre in the city include the Teatro Manzoni, the Teatro Villoresi, the Teatro Binario 7. The Autodromo (1922) and a golf course (1925) were built in the park. Church of St. Mark in Milan. The event has been marred by tragedy several times, involving driver fatalities such as Wolfgang von Trips, Jochen Rindt and Ronnie Peterson, but also a fatal accident involving a trackside marshal in 2000, and multiple spectators being killed in von Trips' fatal accident in 1961. As early as the 12th century, Monza was a fortified place, although the status of free city had changes its economical role. This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 15:56. At the beginning of the century Monza counted 41,200 inhabitants; in 1911 it was among the eight most industrialised centres of Italy. A collage showing different features of the city of Monza. Among the projects was the bifurcation of the River Lambro (the "Lambretto" branch) and the construction of a castle, the third in Monza. Here in 595 she founded an oraculum dedicated to St. John the Baptist. In 1807 the castle was demolished. Monza can be reached through the following motorways: A4-E64 (Turin-Milan-Venice), A52 (North Ring of Milan), A51 (East Ring of Milan). The ruins of a Roman bridge named Ponte d'Arena can be seen near today's Ponte dei Leoni (Lions Bridge). A 2 km (1 mi) long tunnel has been added and is alleviating traffic problems that are happening in the city. Monza is crossed from north to south by the River Lambro. In the course of its history Monza withstood thirty-two sieges, but the Porta d'Agrate is all that remains of its original walls and fortifications. New roads are opened, including the King Ferdinand road (now Via Vittorio Emanuele), while in 1842 the Bridge of Lions was erected near the old Roman bridge. Though the interior has suffered changes, there is a fine relief by Matteo da Campione representing a royal Lombard coronation, and some 15th-century frescoes with scenes from the life of Theodelinda. For the race circuit, see. The frescoed chapel houses the Iron Crown of Lombardy, said to include one of the nails used at the Crucifixion of Jesus. The Serie A1 volleyball club Vero Volley Monza plays currently at the Candy Arena. It is the capital of the Province of Monza and Brianza. Rome, 1960 (Aliprandi Pinalla). Monza subsequently regained its autonomy, which was not limited to the feudal government of lands and goods; the archpriest of Monza was confirmed the authority on the clergy of his church (year 1150). In 1859, at the end of the Second Italian War of Independence, Lombardy became part of the Kingdom of Sardinia. This historical period is a season of rebirth of the city, with a considerable development of agriculture and crafts. According to this legend, the medieval name of Monza, "Modoetia", is derived from these two words. Monza Park is one of the largest urban parks in Europe. Il documento è firmato digitalmente ai sensi del c.d. In 1648, Monza and its territory became the property of the Milanese Durini family. The river enters Monza from the north, between Via Aliprandi and Via Zanzi streets. Comune di Monza, Monza. Biographic Dictionary of Italians. Itinerari guidati su percorsi inattesi - visite in modalità online. m_pi.AOOUSPMB.REGISTRO UFFICIALE.U.0009713.13-10-2020. Informazioni, notizie ed eventi sulla città e sui servizi. Also some EuroCity trains stop in Monza. Bonaparte also took possession of the treasures of the Basilica and the Chapter Library books, transferred to the National Library in Paris. Monza railway station is located in Enrico Arosio Road. A fortified castrum was constructed to resist the incursions of the Hungarians. Pag. In 1354 Pope Innocent VI proclaimed the undisputed right to impose, in the Cathedral of Monza, the Crown of Italy, the Iron Crown. AA.VV. The Glossary of Monza, one of the earliest examples of the evolution of Italian language, probably dates to the early 10th century. Monza is about 40 km (25 mi) from Lecco and Como. m_pi.AOOUSPMB.REGISTRO UFFICIALE.U.0009086.25-09-2020. [citation needed]. It is the capital of the Province of Monza and Brianza. This is an artificial fork of the river, created for defensive purposes in the early decades of the 14th century. The cathedral encloses the Chapel of Theodelinda, a centrally-planned Greek-cross oraculum ("chapel of prayer") dated to circa 595. Azzone Visconti allowed the reconstruction of the walls, beginning in 1333 and lasting until 1381. Monza received the title of Imperial City. Monza shares its position with Milan in the same metro area, and is a big part of its new province. Silvana Ed., 1999. In 1018, Aribert (970–1045), Lord of Monza, was consecrated bishop of Milan, resulting in the city losing its independence from its rival. Sito istituzionale del Comune di Monza - Informazioni, servizi online, modulistica In 1841 the first railway connecting Milan and Monza was inaugurated. 24K likes. Monza is the third-largest city of Lombardy and is the most important economic, industrial and administrative centre of the Brianza area, supporting a textile industry and a publishing trade. The plague, which struck Monza in 1576 and 1630, caused a profound demographic and economic crisis. Napoleon also established the Order of the Iron Crown. Another artificial stream is the Canale Villoresi, which was constructed in the late 19th century. Monza is located in the high plains of Lombardy, between Brianza and Milan, at an altitude of 162 metres (531 feet) above sea level. In 1380 Gian Galeazzo Visconti donated the castle to his wife Catherine, who would died there after having been jailed by her son Giovanni Maria (1404). De Leyva became Lord of Monza in 1529, devoting himself to the government regulation of ecclesiastical affairs, controlling their taxes and duties and shutting the doors of those who did not pay. During the 3rd century BCE, the Romans subdued the Insubres, a Gaul tribe that had crossed the Alps and settled around Mediolanum (now Milan). However, the protests of citizens stopped the process, although the abandonment caused the complex to decay. Berengar was very generous evident by the donation of numerous works to the Monza Cathedral, including the famous cross, and by giving large benefits to its 32 canons and other churches. L'Albero solidale - aiutaci a regalare un sorriso! The next emperor Ferdinand I of Austria had himself crowned King of Lombardy and Venetia in Milan with the Iron Crown (6 September 1838), with the opportunity to extend various benefits to the city. Comune di Monza A collage shawin different features o the ceety o Monza. Typical dishes are cassoeula, the buseca, risotto and sausage. Codice dell’Amministrazione Digitale e normativa connessa. Frederick declared that Monza was his property and also gave the Curraria (the right to levy customs on the streets), a right usually granted only to royal seats. Comune di Monza, Monza. During the period of the struggle against Milan and other cities of the Lombard League, Monza was primarily an administrative centre for Barbarossa. The city became the capital of the Province of Monza and Brianza on 11 June 2004. Berengar I of Italy (850–924) located his headquarters in Monza. Agriculture was the main occupation, although crafts had begun to grow in importance. The Crown of Agilulf, however, had been melted in Paris. It is 15 kilometres (9 mi) from the centre of the region's capital, although when considering the cities borders, they are separated by less than 5 km (3 miles). Frederick I Barbarossa visited Monza twice (1158 and 1163). Nearby is the nunnery in which the Nun of Monza was enclosed in Manzoni's I Promessi Sposi. The circuit's biggest event is the Italian Grand Prix.With the exception of the 1980 running, the race has been hosted there since 1949. Il documento è firmato digitalmente ai sensi del c.d. The fork is known as Lambretto and it rejoins the main course of the Lambro as it exits to the south, leaving Monza through the now demolished ancient circle of medieval walls. [9][10] Monza is an extremely fast circuit that has been modified with three chicanes to curb speeds, but is still the fastest circuit on the Formula One calendar and is considered too fast to be considered to host MotoGP and no longer holds Superbike World Championship events either. In 980 Monza hosted Emperor Otto II inside the walled city. The new administrative arrangement came fully into effect in summer 2009; previously, Monza was a comune within the province of Milan. Meanwhile, the Golf Club Milano is a golf course that has hosted nine editions of the Italian Open. After the decisive 1277 victory of the Visconti at the Battle of Desio, Monza was occupied by Archbishop Ottone Visconti and the Marquis of Montferrat, William VII (1278). Under Berengar's reign, Monza enjoyed a certain degree of independence: it had its own system of weights and measures, and could also seize property and mark the deeds with their signatures. Milan, 1998. He allowed the city of Milan to self-rule its subjects again, while taking possession of the treasury of the cathedral. Monza Park is also known for the Royal Villa of Monza, a Habsburg family residence built in 1777, while the professional football club A.C. Monza play at the Stadio Brianteo, as of 2020[update] in [[Serie B], and has also a 'Primavera B' team. The black and-white marble arcaded façade was erected in the mid-14th century by Matteo da Campione. Cinemas include the Sala San Carlo, the AreaOdeon, the Cinema Capitol, the Cinema Metropol and the Cinema Teodolinda. In 1136 emperor Lothair III guaranteed the independence of the clergy of Monza from Milan. The treasury also contains the crown, fan and gold comb of Theodelinda, and, as well as Gothic crosses and reliquaries, a golden hen and seven chickens, representing Lombardy and her seven provinces. Il Duomo di Monza, 1300–2000, VII Centenary of foundation. At the conclusion of the Italian campaign of Napoleon Bonaparte (1796), the Duchy of Milan was acquired first by the French Republic and then entered the Cisalpine Republic (which, in 1802, became the Italian Republic). Monza railway station is the most important railway junction in the Brianza area. Comune di Monza, Monza. In the fall of the First Empire (1815), Austria annexed the Italian territories to the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia, Monza being included in the province of Milan. The Duomo's (Cathedral) Museum collection is home to early medieval treasures from the time of Queen Theodelinda, including the gilt silver "Hen with Chicks", the Cross of Agilulf, and the Iron Crown; there are also pieces from the late medieval, modern and contemporary ages. Both are located inside the Monza Park, which comprises 688 ha. Monza took part to the Five Days of Milan (22–23 March 1848) Monza, expelling the Austrian garrison. The cuisine of Monza is typical of Insubria and Brianza. He was acclaimed Lord of Monza by the people in 1322. The same year, Luchino Visconti and Francesco Garbagnate demolished the walls of Monza to prevent it from defending itself against attacks from the Milanese. It is linked to culinary traditions and the bond with the nearby areas, especially with the Milanese cuisine. Trains travel between Monza and Milan via the Suburban Railway (Line S9) and via local trains that connect Monza to Lecco, Como/Chiasso (CH) and Bergamo/Brescia. According to the legend, Theodelinda, asleep while her husband was hunting, saw a dove in a dream that told her: modo (Latin for "here") indicating that she should build the oraculum in that place, and the queen answered etiam, meaning "yes". On 26 May 1805, the Iron Crown was in Milan for the coronation of Napoleon Bonaparte, who put it on his head, uttering the famous phrase "God gave it to me, woe to anyone who touches it." Termine presentazione domande: 17 dicembre alle ore 14.30, Una misura di solidarietà per l'emergenza covid 19 assegnati dal Governo per oltre 651 mila euro per l’acquisto di generi alimentari e beni di prima necessità, Un contributo per le microimprese monzesi che hanno sospeso l'attività durante il lockdown, Dalla spesa a domicilio alla consegna dei farmaci fino al supporto psicologico, Per ricordare per sempre le 357 vittime monzesi, Simboli del Natale, le luminarie anche quest’anno «invaderanno» le vie di tutta la città fino a mercoledì 6 gennaio, Seduta di giovedì 17 dicembre in streaming, Comune di Monza | Piazza Trento e Trieste - 20900 Monza | Tel. Italy's last Formula One champion Alberto Ascari also died at the Monza circuit in 1955, but it was during a test of a road car rather than during a race. 23K likes. In 1128 Conrad III of Hohenstaufen was crowned King of Italy in the Church of San Michele at Monza. The Duchy of Milan and Monza remained subject to the Spanish crown until the early 18th century. Monzan independence lasted until 1185 when Barbarossa ended the conflict with the Lombard League with the peace of Constance. L’originale è conservato nel protocollo informatico dell’Ufficio XI di Monza al nr. In 1900 Monza was the scene of the assassination of King Umberto I by anarchist Gaetano Bresci. During the Roman Empire, Monza was known as Modicia. The historical centre also include the following buildings: Other villas includes the Mirabello, Mirabellino, Durini, Crivelli Mesmer, Prata, Villa Archinto Pennati, Calloni and Villa Carminati-Ferrario. The Castle of Monza was later expanded to such a degree that it was necessary to demolish the St. Mary of Ingino church as space was needed for new buildings. Codice dell’Amministrazione Digitale e normativa connessa. Tenga il resto - contro lo spreco alimentare, Piano Triennale di Prevenzione della Corruzione e della Trasparenza. This autonomy was never absolute, as the church of Monza was not able to completely cut its ties from the bishop of Milan. Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011", http://www.demo.istat.it/pop2018/index.html, "When Wolfgang Von Trips was killed at Monza", Official website of the University of Milano-Bicocca, Official website of Saint Gerard's Hospital, nationally relevant with very high specialization, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Monza&oldid=992875509, Communes of the Province of Monza and Brianza, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from September 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles lacking in-text citations from September 2015, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles containing Lombard-language text, Articles containing Italian-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with image map1 but not image map, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2009, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Pagina ufficiale del Comune di Monza. The Second World War, between 1940 and 1945, caused several bombings of Monza, with civilian casualties; after the September 1943 Italian Armistice, the area was occupied by the Germans. 23K likes. When the emperor died, he left important donations to the church of Monza. A Gallo-Celtic tribe, perhaps the Insubres themselves, founded a village on the Lambro. Economy was based on the production of wheat, corn, fodder, potatoes, oats, rye and vegetables in general. L’originale è conservato nel protocollo informatico dell’Ufficio XI di Monza al nr. At the end of the War of the Spanish Succession (1713), the Duchy of Milan was assigned to the House of Habsburg of Austria. In 2006 Monza hosted the World Cyber Games tournament, and in July 2005 and July 2008, Monza hosted the "International Gran Galà Marching Show Bands" at Stadio Brianteo (with the USA band Blue Devils, 11 times WMSB Champion of the World). In 2009-2013 a tunnel was built to supplement the Viale Lombardia (SS36 national road), one of the busiest streets in Europe. The choice of Monza was due not only to the beauty of the landscape, but also its strategic position and the fact of that it was connected to Vienna as well as for its proximity to Milan. Monza is internationally known for the Autodromo Nazionale di Monza motor racing circuit, home to the Italian Grand Prix usually held in September, and previously to the Alfa Romeo team. He was released the next year. The Autodromo Nazionale di Monza is a historic race track near the city of Monza, north of Milan, in Italy.Built in 1922, it is the world's third purpose-built motor racing circuit after those of Brooklands and Indianapolis. Monza has a typical submediterranean climate of the Po valley, with cool, short winters and warm summers; temperatures are very similar to nearby Milan, averaging 2 °C (36 °F) in January, the coldest month, to about 23 °C (73 °F) in July, the warmest. Martino Aliprandi was podestà of Monza from 1334 to 1336, overseeing the construction of the walls and the fortification of the fortress. : +39.039.2372.1 | Fax: +39.039.2372.558 | Codice Fiscale 02030880153 | Partita IVA 00728830969 |, CoronaVirus: bando Buono Affitto per aiutare le famiglie in difficoltà, CoronaVirus: Buoni Spesa, domande da lunedì 14 dicembre, CoronaVirus: tornano attivi i numeri di emergenza comunali, Una stele e un ulivo in memoria delle vittime monzesi del Coronavirus, Panettoni d'autore - dolci emozioni a Monza, Christmas special - Illumini-Amo il Natale, A Natale aiutare i piccoli ci fa sentire grandi, L'Altra Monza. In 1312, Monza adhered to the Ghibelline faction. Pagina ufficiale del Comune di Monza. Theodelinda, daughter of Garibald I of Bavaria and wife of the Lombard king Authari (and later of king Agilulf), chose Monza as her summer residence. Empress Maria Theresa built the Royal Villa of Monza for her son Ferdinand, Governor of Milan (1777–1780). Monza is known for its Romanesque-Gothic style Cathedral of Saint John (Duomo). In 1325 Galeazzo I Visconti, who conquered the city after a long siege, began the construction of new defences. [6] Precipitation is abundant, with most occurring in the autumn and the least in winter and summer; despite this, the city and surrounding area usually does not suffer drought in any season. Between the two world wars, the city's industrial structure did not undergo substantial change while recording significant increases in production volumes. The centre is off limits to cars and other motorised vehicles. To commemorate the spot of the crime, his successor Victor Emmanuel III ordered the construction of an Expiatory Chapel on Via Matteo da Campione. Two-thirds of the gold and silver treasures of the Monza Cathedral were delivered to the mint of Milan, which turned them into coins used for military expenses. The campanile was erected in 1606 to designs by Pellegrino Tibaldi. Top left: Monza Cathedral; top right: aerial view of Autodromo Nazionale di Monza Circuit; centre left: Royal Villa, centre right: Caduti Monument; bottom left: park of the Villa Reale Palace; bottom right: Expiatory chapel. Enrico Aliprandi, a member of a family of Monza, joined the Torriani faction, with many enlisted soldiers under his command. At the beginning of the century Monza had about 120,000 inhabitants. In 1805, the Italian Republic became the Kingdom of Italy with its capital in Milan. Agricultural activities were now paired by the production of clothes, while wool processing developed in large farms outside the walls. With the development of various activities occurring problems related to traffic and links to nearby towns, especially with Milan. Monza also hosts a Department of the University of Milan Bicocca, a Court of Justice and several offices of regional administration. Aside from Ferrari, another Italian milestone at the venue was German 21-year old Sebastian Vettel taking his and Italian team Scuderia Toro Rosso's first win in torrential rain in 2008.[8]. Monza was increasingly linked to events of Milan and shared its history and enemies: in 1255 the city was sacked by the Ghibellines, and in 1259 and Ezzelino III da Romano tried to seize the castle of Monza, but was repelled; the village was set on fire. In the 12th century, it is estimated that the city of Monza had about 7,000 inhabitants. servscol@comune.monza.it Orari lun, mer e ven 9.00 - 12.00 mar 9.00 - 12.00 e 14.00 - 16.00, gio 9.00 -16.30 Aperto su appuntamento dal fissare al numero 039 3946945 Antonio de Leyva, the Spanish governor of Milan and commander of the imperial troops, sacked the city in 1527. In this period the city again regained its independence from Milan, a city hostile to the emperor. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. State road (SS36 – Nuova Valassina) connects the city to Lecco and Sondrio. In 1185 Henry VI, son of Barbarossa, was crowned king at Monza, on the occasion of his marriage to Queen Constanza of Sicily, heir to the Norman kingdom. Monza (US: /ˈmɒnzə, ˈmoʊnzə, ˈmoʊntsɑː/,[4][5] Italian: [ˈmontsa] (listen); Monzese: Monscia [ˈmũːʃa]; Latin: Modoetia) is a city and comune on the River Lambro, a tributary of the Po in the Lombardy region of Italy, about 15 kilometres (9 miles) north-northeast of Milan. The Ferrari fans at Monza are known both in Italian and internationally as tifosi. The Austrians returned in 1849. [7], The Italian Grand Prix has been hosted at the Monza circuit in every single year of Formula One (except for 1980) history bar one, and although no Italian has won the race since Ludovico Scarfiotti in 1966, the local support is for the Ferrari team, which has taken many historical wins on the circuit, especially with Michael Schumacher winning five times between 1996 and 2006.